South Africa’s labour market remains a priority concern for policymakers and academics. With President Ramaphosa targeting an additional 2 million jobs in his State of the Nation Address, proposals to achieve these ambitious goals require continuous debate and research. RESEP maintains its focus on being a leading institute for socio-economic policy research, with empirical labour market analysis one of its core focus areas. On 20 and 21 June 2019, the labour group within RESEP hosted a small, successful workshop on The Labour Market in a Macro-economic Context at the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Studies (STIAS). This created a forum to discuss the labour market from multiple perspectives; academics and policymakers interacted and traded views; development economists, macroeconomists and political economists contributed from their various points of expertise. Tito Mboweni, minister of finance and honorary professor of Economics at Stellenbosch University, led a closed discussion on the current state of the economy. Kuben Naidoo, deputy governor of the South African Reserve Bank and also honorary professor of Economics at Stellenbosch University, contributed to the debate on wage formation and monetary policy. Andrew Donaldson, formerly from National Treasury, provided varying insights on both macro- and microeconomic aspects that play into the current state of the labour market, while Hugo Pienaar from the Bureau for Economic Research provided a prognosis for economic growth and the potential for the labour market to expand. Steven Friedman, a political scientist at the University of Johannesburg, provided a critical overview of the status and role of trade unions in the labour market. RESEP researchers contributed insightful new empirical findings on economic growth, education, active labour market policies, the informal sector, job search, job polarisation and the fourth industrial revolution, affirmative action, minimum wages, firm structure and top income inequality. The workshop raised many questions and provided an impetus for new ways of thinking about solutions to South Africa’s labour market challenges.
Learner flows through schools: Using high quality administrative data to understand education system performance
The report analyses school flows, repetition, and dropout using a novel analysis of school-based assessments, and how well these predict future performance and learner flows. An important finding is that the high repetition and dropout rates in high schools imply an internal efficiency rate of only 49% (measured in terms of the years of enrolment in high school for every matric pass).
A teacher retirement wave is about to hit South Africa: what it means for class size
Teacher supply and demand is a complex matter. The ultimate aim is to have a teacher in front of every class, now and for the foreseeable future. This also implies an ideal class size. The quality of teachers is obviously important too – and a topic for another occasion.